The Influence of Design on Human
1. What are the effects of design on people?
Design is a process that needs to be closely related to social sciences. The design process cannot be completed at all without considering the human factor. The design is so powerful that it will benefit from the space being designed, directly affecting the behavior of people on that space. This effect makes itself feel more in public spaces.
Taking account of this sociological phenomenon in design components affects the quality and success of the design very closely.
2.Before starting a Project, how do you observe the behaviors, lifestyles, wishes in the region and how long does it take to do these observations?
Before the design action begins, the socio-cultural and socioeconomic values of the people living in that area, besides the physical conditions of the designing environment, must each individually provide design input as an important criterion. Especially designed space, the people who will benefit from that space will accept, use it as stronger place, is also closely related to its commitment to that place. For this reason, in the design of space, especially in public space design, the people and the traditions, customs, cultures, past values and usage criteria of the people who will use the space and the place are important elements to be considered.
3.When you design a place, how do you decide according to what criteria you want to affect the region and the people and how you want to influence it?
Influencing people through design has been an ongoing phenomenon for thousands of years. It’s a psychological phenomenon at the same time. Before the design begins, we have some determinations and predictions about how and where the space should be used. In fact, this prediction directly affects the behavior of people who will use that space. You are actually directing people’s movements and how they should behave towards the use of that space with designs and lines that you have created yourself. The important thing here is not to alienate people. The reactions that people show in order to make the space easier to perceive or to be more comfortable in the space give us some clues about how behavior should affect people in design.
4.How do you coordinate with different disciplines to create an effective whole that you want to give?
In spatial design, no occupational discipline is now capable of designing space as a whole. Especially in the developing world, problems have also increased. Getting help from different professional disciplines to solve these problems is often very important in terms of the success of design, the success of the space, and the happiness of the people who use the space and the sustainability of the space. For this reason, we have always adopted the principle of working with people from different professional disciplines in our projects.
5.What were your observations and what had you considered, when designing Taksim Square as one of your current projects?
Taksim Square is not only important just for İstanbul, but also one of the most important squares in the world. It is a very important urban space in urban memory. In order to have a decision such a place like this and able to design that place, I think that it is necessary to analyze the past, the memory of the place and the experiences and perceptions of the local and foreign tourists visiting Istanbul together with those living in Istanbul. All these perceptions and the traces of Istanbul’s history, we used different criteria in order to design a square that keeps up with the contemporary world while continuing this historical trail. These criteria consist of sociological, physical, historical and ecological criteria.
6. How will this new design affect people and everyday life?
The new design of Taksim Square, in fact, takes its claim from minimum intervention. We have tried to consider the everyday rituals of the people of Istanbul rather than doing something new and different here. We have designed the movements of people of Istanbul or locals or foreign tourists who use this, taking into consideration all of the clues as to how the pedestrian movements are with the existing transport system and transportation system as one. For this reason, Taksim Square will surprise people with its new state, but it will never break the place, because Taksim Square traces from the Prost plan. From the Prost plan to this day, Taksim Square has been used only by pedestrians today, while similar qualities and similar criteria are used by both vehicles and pedestrians. However, this pedestrian movement will never alienate people to the place, but will still live in the memory of people.